Glossary of Art and Antique terms
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- Hackberry: (genus Celtis) A light blonde color elm-like wood of southern United States. Has small black purple berrylike fruits, ediblewith large pits.
- hardwoods: A category of deciduous tree woods cut from: beech, cherry, maple, mahogany oak, walnut and others.
- harvest table: A narrow rectangular hinged drop leaf table of colonial design.
- hassock: Footstool, upholstered and large enough to be used for seating.
- hatching: A technique used indicate light and shade of formusing of parallel lines of varying width, darkness and spacing. Cross-hatching is two or more offset and overlapping sets of these hatchings.
- headboard: The entire head framework or boards within the head section of a bed.
- heartwood: The densest, hardest part of a tree trunk located deep within the tree. The outer wood is sapwood which drys at a different rate.
- Hepplewhite: (1785-1810) Style named for cabinetmaker George Hepplewhite, whose furniture drawings were published postmortem in 1786. Related to the Federal style in the United States, a neoclassical furniture style following Chippendale from the late 1700s to about 1820. Hepplewhite style was more delicate than Chippendale having less angular shape, use of slimmer line and ushered in the American Federal period. Overlaps the Sheraton style period, sharing many design elements. Characterized by restrained design use of classic forms (like urns and shields), carved stars and American eagles and an emphasis on inlay. Tapered square legs typically ended with flared bracket or spade feet. The Prince of Wales's feather motif was often on Hepplewhite chair backs. Shield back chairs, banquet tables and Sideboards were important new furniture forms of these periods.
- Hickory: A tough, hard and heavy wood used in structural elements and as a veneer. Pecan trees are a species of hickory.
- highboy: A tall chest of drawers, developed in 18th century usually composed of two sections. A top section with drawers was often topped with a decorative broken pediment crown. The upper chest sits on either a table-like structure or a lowboy with long legs, as opposed to a simple chest-on-chest with short bracket feet.
- highlighting: In furniture finishing, the technique of removing colored finish materials in a pattern which enhances the natural grain patterns.
- Hitchcock chair: A painted chair with stenciled design on the backrest, named after its American designer.
- hoop back chair: Queen Anne or Hepplewhite chair with a top rail curving directly into the arms.
- huntboard: A sideboard type used in serving food and drinks after a hunt. Huntboard design is lightweight and portable so as to be moved outdoors.
- hutch: Enclosed storage cupboard, chest or cabinet with doors holding shelves resting on a solid base and usually on legs.
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